According to SBP report, the current account deficit has reduced to a six-year low, foreign exchange reserves have increased, the primary budget has recorded a surplus.
The Report also states that the stabilization efforts and regulatory measures yielded notable improvements during the first half of the fiscal year 2020, however, noted that the global and domestic spread of Covid-19 has brought an exceptional set of challenges for the country.
According to SBP report, The current account deficit contracted to a six-year low, foreign exchange reserves increased, the primary budget recorded a surplus, and core inflation eased.
Progress under the IMF program remained on track and the credit rating agencies maintained their stable outlook for Pakistan during the review period, it said adding that further improvements would require deep structural reforms to put the economy on a firm path towards sustainable growth.
In case of balance of payments, the report noted that the improvement in current account mostly stemmed from a reduction in the import bill with some contribution from export earnings.
Regarding the fiscal sector, the report noted that the primary budget recorded a surplus, while the fiscal deficit was contained during H1-FY20 compared to the same period last year.
This was due to a significant growth in revenues despite a slowdown in the economy and the compression in imports.
The report further highlighted the challenges pertaining to the agriculture sector as the sector appears less resilient to challenges like constrained water availability and climate change.
On the inflation front, the report noted that the inflationary pressures continued to build up throughout the first half of FY20. While the non-food-non-energy (NFNE) inflation exhibited stability amid subdued demand conditions in the economy, food inflation surged steeply in both the quarters.
This was one of the major reasons the Monetary Policy Committee decided to keep the policy rate unchanged during both its September and November meetings during the first half of FY20
The report further notes that the global and domestic spread of Covid-19 has brought an exceptional set of challenges for the country. As the situation is extremely fluid and highly uncertain, the economic outlook remains subdued compared to the pre-outbreak estimates.
The government and the SBP have therefore taken a number of measures to mitigate the adverse impacts of Covid-19 on the economy.
These include sizable fiscal spending programs, tax reliefs, and incentives to the construction industry.
As for the SBP, within a span of 8 days (in March 2020), the Monetary Policy Committee cut the policy rate by 225 basis points.